City-level Cyber-Secure Multimodal Transport Ecosystem
With the emergence of the digitization of information, ICT infrastructure and communications gave an unprecedented push towards the realization of truly interconnected passenger transport ecosystems at the city-level. The emerging notion of multimodality supports a plethora of diverse transport services, typically offered from a central location. There, however, the complex interconnected infrastructures ease the cyber-threats propagation while the underlying mosaic of fleets, personal hand-held devices, and non-standardized data types increase the system’s attack surface and require the authorities’ collaboration to proactively handle severe incidents.
CitySCAPE leverages the skills and mature technology of its 15-partner consortium to systematically explore all different cybersecurity dimensions of multimodal transport. These dimensions will drive a characterization of the cyber-threats in the ICT multimodal transport, extended to the close-by power and financial sector. Innovative software tools will be introduced to estimate the threat propagation in the system. Then, CitySCAPE will realize a modular software toolkit enabled to be seamlessly integrated into any multimodal transport system to: a)detect suspicious traffic-data values and identify persistent threats; b)evaluate an attack’s impact in technical and notably in financial terms; c)combine external knowledge and internally-observed activities to enhance the predictability of zero-day attacks; d)instantiate a networked overlay to circulate informative notifications to CERT authorities and support their interplay. The CitySCAPE solution will be tested over a timely set of use-cases involving ticketing applications, cyber-fraud, and location data in the regional transport system of two European cities, where extensive experiments will showcase its effectiveness. The findings will steer training sessions of expert/non-expert audience and shape a strong standardization contribution to security (labeling) protocols.
The CitySCAPE Solution
CitySCAPE introduces innovative risk analysis techniques and orchestrates a number of software solutions to realize an interoperable toolkit that seamlessly integrates to any multimodal transport system.
More specifically, the CitySCAPE software toolkit will:
- Detect suspicious traffic-data values and identify persistent cyber-threats
- Evaluate a cyber-attack impact in both technical and financial terms
- Combine external knowledge and internally-observed activities to enhance the predictability of zero-day cyber-attacks
- Instantiate a networked overlay to circulate informative notifications to CERT/CSIRT and support their interplay.
TalTech and city of Tallinn
The proposed solution will be validated in regional-level pilots (in Tallinn, Estonia and Genoa, Italy) over a timely set of use-cases carefully selected by the end-users (i.e. transport operators). The findings will steer training sessions of expert/non-expert audiences and shape the standardization contribution to security (labeling) protocols.
The project is carried out in cooperation with TalTech units:
- Autonomous Vehicles research group, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, School of Engineering
- Centre for Digital Forensics and Cyber Security, Department of Software Science, School of Information Technology
- Smart City Center of Excellence